Afghan Stitch Basic Instructions
Copyright 1992 Vicki Becker
Tunisian Crochet or Afghan Stitch is done with a special hook, known as an afghan hook. They come in various sizes, as do regular crochet hooks, but they are longer. Metal afghan hooks have a knob at the end. Large afghan hooks can be made of wood or plastic.
Tunisian Crochet begins with a foundation chain, as in regular crochet. Chain the number specified in the pattern instructions. Watch your gauge! If your chain is too loose your first row will be bigger than the rows that follow.
In Tunisian Crochet you do not turn your work. The right side is always facing you. Each row is made up of two halves. The first half is worked from right to left and the second half is worked from left to right.
First Half Of Foundation Row
Starting in the second chain, (count the chain your hook is in as the first), insert hook in chain, yarn over and draw up a loop. Continue working across, drawing up a loop in each stitch of the chain. Leave all the loops on the hook, see figure 1 & 2. Now count the loops; there should be the same number of loops as number of starting chain.
Second Half of Foundation Row
Working from left to right, yarn over and draw through one loop. *Yarn over and draw through 2 loops, see figure 3 & 4. Repeat from * across until one loop remains on the hook. This is the first stitch of the next row. NOTE: These two half rows always count as one row.
Row 2: Skip the first upright bar, directly below the hook. draw up a loop in each bar across. Leave all the loops on the hook; work off the loops in the same manner as the second half of the foundation row. Repeating row 2, complete the number of rows specified in the pattern, see figure 5. NOTE: When drawing up a loop on the last stitch of the row; put your hook through the entire stitch, not just under the bar. this makes a firm salvage edge.
Tunisian Knit Stitch
The foundation row for the knit stitch is the same as the regular afghan stitch.
Row 2: Holding the yarn behind your work, skip the first vertical loop below the hook. Insert the hook from front to back through the center of the next vertical loop. Yarn over and draw up a loop. Repeat across the row, keeping all the loops on the hook. Work the loops off the same as for the regular afghan stitch. See figure 6.
2nd half of foundation row
Tunisian Knit Stitch